Pain that persists for longer than 6 months is referred to as chronic pain. Unrelieved chronic pain can cause considerable suffering, physical limitations, and emotional distress (Turk, 1996). Chronic pain is one of the most common reasons for seeking medical care but often persists despite treatment with analgesics and physical modalities. For example, epidemiologic studies indicate that approximately 11% to 45% of individuals in the United States experience chronic back pain (LeResche & Von Korff, 1999), 75% of patients with advanced cancer suffer persistent pain (Bonica, 1990), and chronic pain is the most common reason for the use of complementary and alternative therapies (Astin, 1998; Eisenberg et al., 1993).
Interest in hypnosis for pain management continues to increase with more new evidence that hypnosis can reduce pain (and costs) associated with medical procedures (Lang et al., 2000), and there are now an adequate number of controlled studies of hypnosis to draw meaningful conclusions from the literature regarding chronic pain (Jensen & Patterson, 2006; Montgomery, DuHamel, & Redd, 2000; Patterson & Jensen, 2003). Hypnosis has regained its status in the medical community as a viable alternative or complementary approach for chronic pain.
How does it work? Hypnosis in the treatment of chronic pain generally, but not always, involves a hypnotic induction with suggestions for relaxation and comfort. Posthypnotic suggestions may be given for reduced pain that can continue beyond the session or that the patient can quickly and easily create a state of comfort using a cue (i.e., taking a deep breath and exhaling as eye lids close). The focus of hypnosis in the treatment of chronic pain also involves teaching the patient self-hypnosis and/or providing recordings of hypnosis sessions that can be used to reduce pain on a daily basis outside the sessions. In our experience, some patients experience an immediate reduction in pain severity following hypnosis treatment, whereas others can obtain reduction in pain with repeated practice of self-hypnosis or hypnosis sessions.
[box] The use of hypnosis for any diagnosed issue such as chronic pain requires a medical referral from the diagnosing physician or psychiatrist. This is not difficult to obtain, and we will provide you the forms and help with the process. [/box]
The Hypnosis Motivation Institute, the college of hypnosis from which Cindy Locher graduated, has produced an excellent documentary on hypnosis for chronic pain, which you can view on this page. Hypnosis is often effective in the treatment of chronic pain when other methods are not, because pain begins and is interpreted in the subconscious mind.
Contact us for a consultation to discuss your situation, at (952) 356-0010.